The Sunnah & Adab of Dress

Supplications (dua) at the time of wearing new clothing or shoes:

On the authority of Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri ( ):
When the Messenger of Allah ( ) wore a new garment, he would name it. For instance, a turban or shirt or cloak, and would supplicate:

Transliteration: "Allahumma lakal-hamdu, anta kaswtanihi, asaluka khairahu wa khaira ma suni`a lahu, wa a`udhu bika min sharrihi wa sharri ma suni`a lahu.
Translation: O Allah, all the praise is for you, that you have given it to me to put on. I ask You for the good in it and the goodness of the purpose for which it was made, and I seek your protection from its evil and the evil of the purpose for which it was made.'
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

Transliteration: Al-hamdu lilla hilladhi kasaani haadhath-thawba, wa razaqanihi min ghayri hawlim minni wa la quw-wah.
Translation: All praises are for Allah who dressed me with this garment and gave it to me without any strength and ability on my part.

Transliteration: Al-hamdu lillaahil-ladhi kasaani ma uwaari bihi `awrati wa atajammalu bihi fi ha-yaati.
Translation: All praises are due to Allah who gave me clothing with which I cover my body and with which I adorn myself in my life.

[At-Tirmidhi: On the authority of Mu'az bin Anas ( ): The Messenger of Allah ( ) said, 'Whoever reads this supplication, his past sins will be forgiven. 'Umar states that the Messenger of Allah ( ) said that, 'If a person recites the above supplication when dressing in new clothing and gives the old clothing to charity, then Allah will protect him both in this life and the hereafter. Also he will be under Allah's cover (i.e. he will be protected from all calamities and his sins will be hidden).']

Supplications (dua) at the time of removing clothes at the time of sleeping, changing, etc.:

Transliteration: Bismillaahilladhi laailaaha illaahu.
Translation: In the name of Allah, apart from whom there is no Lord.

Supplications (dua) when observing someone wearing new clothes:

Transliteration: Ilbas jadidan wa-ish hamidaan wa mut shahidan.
Translation: May you wear new clothing, live well and die a martyr.

Quranic Verses on Clothing:

The Noble Qur'an Al-A'raaf 7:26
O Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment* upon you to cover yourselves and as an adornment, and the raiment of righteousness, that is better. Such are among the Ayt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allh, that they may remember (i.e. leave falsehood and follow truth).

The Noble Qur'an 7:32
O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying and going around the Ka'bah, and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allh) likes not al-Musrifn (those who waste by extravagance).

Say (O Muhammad ( )): "Who has forbidden the adoration with clothes given by Allh, which He has produced for his slaves, and At-Taiyibt [all kinds of Hall (lawful) things] of food?" Say: "They are, in the life of this world, for those who believe, (and) exclusively for them (believers) on the Day of Resurrection (the disbelievers will not share them)." Thus We explain the Ayt (Islmic laws) in detail for people who have knowledge.

The Noble Qur'an An-Nahl 16:81
And Allh has made for you out of that which He has created shades, and has made for you places of refuge in the mountains, and has made for you garments to protect you from the heat (and cold), and coats of mail to protect you from your (mutual) violence. Thus does He perfect His Grace unto you, that you may submit yourselves to His Will (in Islm).

Adab of Dressing:

Sahih Al-Bukhari, Book 48, Number 48.7.15:
On the authority of Abu Hurayra ( ): The Messenger of Allah ( ) said, When you put on sandals, begin with the right foot. When you take them off, begin with the left foot. The right foot is the first to be put in the sandal and the last to be taken out.

On the authority of Samurah ( ):
The Prophet ( ) said that, 'Wear white as they are clean and clothe the deceased in them too.

On the authority of Abu Darda ( ):
The Prophet ( ) said, 'To meet Allah, the best clothing for the mosque and in the grave is white.'

On the authority of Ibn 'Abbas ( ):
The Prophet ( ) said, 'Eat and drink what you want (halal), give in charity and wear what you want (halal) until you do not over spend (waste) or have pride.'

On the authority of 'Abd-Allah Ibn 'Umar ( ):
The Prophet ( ) said, 'Allah likes to see his favor on a person.'

On the authority of Abu Sa'eed Khudri ( ):
The Prophet ( ) said, 'Wear the top first and start from the right side, and, 'He will not enter Paradise who has a grain of arrogance in his heart,' a man asked, 'A man may like his dress to be nice and his shoes to be nice.' The Prophet ( ) answered, 'Allah is beautiful and likes beauty. Arrogance is to deny rights and look down upon people.'

On the authority of 'Abd-Allah Ibn 'Umar ( ):
Whoever wears clothing to be known (to be recognized), on the day of resurrection Allah will make them wear the clothing of disrespect and then set on fire.

On the authority of Jabir ibn 'Abd-Allah ( ):
The Prophet ( ) has said that, 'Fold your clothing (when not in use) or else life will come into them, as when Shaytan sees clothing that is folded, he doesn't wear it, and if Shaytan sees the clothing laying around he wears it.'

On the authority of 'Aisha ( ):
The Prophet ( ) has said that, 'When a girl becomes mature (baligha) then besides the face and hands up to the wrists, no other part should be open.'

On the authority of Imam Shafi ( ):
Four things make the body strong: eating meat, using scent, taking a bath, and putting on linen clothes.

On the authority of 'Aisha ( ):
Once in the afternoon heat, we were sat inside and someone said to 'Abu Bakr ( ), 'Look at this! The Prophet ( ) is coming with a shawl over his head.'

On the authority of Asma bint Yazeed bint Sukkan Ansari ( ):
The Prophets ( ) sleeves reached his wrists.

Ahadith about Siwak from Sahih Al-Bukhari:

Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 4, Number 246:
On the authority of Hudhaifa ( ):
Whenever the Prophet ( ) got up at night, he used to clean his mouth with Siwak.

Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 13, Number 5:
On the authority of Abu Said ( ):
I testify that Allah's Apostle ( ) said, The taking of a bath on Friday is compulsory for every male Muslim who has attained the age of puberty and (also) the cleaning of his teeth with Siwak, and the using of perfume if it is available."

Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 13, Number 12:On the authority of Abu Huraira ( ):
Allah's Apostle ( ) said, If I had not found it hard for my followers or the people, I would have ordered them to clean their teeth with Siwak for every prayer.

Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 13, Number 13:
On the authority of Anas ( ):
Allah's Apostle ( ) said, I have told you repeatedly to (use) the Siwak.

Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 13, Number 15:On the authority of Aisha ( ):
AbdurRahman bin Abi Bakr came holding a Siwak with which he was cleaning his teeth. Allah's Apostle ( ) looked at him. I requested Abdur-Rahman to give the Siwak to me and after he gave it to me I divided it, chewed it and gave it to Allah's Apostle ( ). Then he cleaned his teeth with it and (at that time) he was resting against my chest.

Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 21, Number 237:
On the authority of Hudhaifa ( ):
Whenever the Prophet ( ) got up for Tahajjud prayer he used to clean his mouth (and teeth) with Siwak.

Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 31, Number 154:
On the authority of Aisha ( ):
"The Prophet ( ) said, It (Siwak) is purification for the mouth and it is a way of seeking Allah's pleasures.

Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 53, Number 332:
On the authority of Ibn Abu Mulaika ( ):
'Aisha said, AbdurRahman came with a Siwak and the Prophet ( ) was too weak to use it, so I took it, chewed it and then (gave it to him and he) cleaned his teeth with it."

Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, Number 722:
On the authority of Aisha ( ):
Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr entered upon the Prophet ( ) while I was supporting the Prophet ( ) on my chest. AbdurRahman had a fresh Siwak then and he was cleaning his teeth with it. Allah's Apostle ( ) looked at it, so I took the Siwak, cut it (chewed it with my teeth), shook it and made it soft (with water), and then gave it to the Prophet ( ) who cleaned his teeth with it. I had never seen Allah's Apostle ( ) cleaning his teeth in a better way. After finishing the brushing of his teeth, he lifted his hand or his finger and said thrice, O Allah! Let me be with the highest companions, and then died. 'Aisha used to say, He died while his head was resting between my chest and chin.

General Ahadith on Clothing:

Sahih Al-Bukhari, Book 48, Number 48.1.2:Yahya related to me from Malik that he heard that Umar ibn al-Khattab said, I love to look at a Qur'an reader in white garments.

Sahih Al-Bukhari, Book 48, Number 48.1.3:
Yahya related to me from Malik from Ayyub ibn Abi Tamim that Ibn Sirin said, 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, 'Allah has been generous to you, so be generous to yourselves. Let a man wear a combination of his garments.' "

Sahih Al-Bukhari, Book 48, Number 48.4.7:
Yahya related to me from Malik from Muslim ibn Abi Maryam from Abu Salih that Abu Hurayra said, Women who are naked even though they are wearing clothes, go astray and make others go astray, and they will not enter the Garden and they will not find its scent, and its scent is experienced from as far as the distance travelled in five hundred years.

Ahmad, al-Hakim, and al-Bukhari in Tareekh and in mu'allaq form in his Sahih.
On the authority of Muhammad Jahsh ( ):
"The Messenger of Allah ( ) passed by Ma'mar while his thighs were uncovered. He said, to him, 'O Ma'mar, cover your thighs, for they are (part of the) 'aurah."

Abu Dawood 3150
On the authority of Ubadah ibn as-Samit ( ):
The Prophet ( ) said: The best shroud is a lower garment and one which covers the whole body, and the best sacrifice is a horned ram.

Sunan of Abu Dawood, 4041,.
On the authority of Aisha ( ):
The Apostle of Allah ( ) once prayed wearing a garment having marks. He looked at its marks. When he saluted, he said: Take this garment of mine to Abu Jahm, for it turned my attention just now in my prayer, and bring a simple garment without marks.

Al-Hakim and Tirmidhi (hasan):
"Allah likes to see the mark of His benevolence on His servant."

Tirmidhi (hasan), Book of knowledge; al-Baghawi, Sharh al-Sunna 1:233.Whoever gives life to one of my Sunnahs which was eliminated after my time will receive the reward of all those who practice it without their reward being diminished...

Narrated with a sound chain by Abu Dawud in the Book of Garments and al-Nasa'i in the Book of Ornaments. Ahmad narrates something similar in his Musnad
On the authority of Ibn Abi al-Ahwas ( ):
I came in shabby clothes to see the Prophet and he said: Do you have money? I said yes. He said: From where does your money come? I said: Allah has given me camels and sheep and horses and slaves. He said: Then if Allah gave you money and possessions, he likes for you to show it.

Narrated with a sound chain by Abu Dawud in the Book of Garments and Ahmad in his Musnad.
On the authority of Abu al-Darda' ( ):
"The Prophet ( ) said, You are coming to your brethren, therefore mend your mounts and mend your garments until you stand out among the people (due to your excellence) like a mole on the face. Verily, Allah does not like obscene speech nor obscene behavior."

Al-Khatib, Tarikh Baghdad 13:263On the authority of Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi ( ):
One time Abu Hanifa asked a man who was shabbily dressed to stay behind after the others had left from his circle of study. Then he told him: Lift up the prayer-rug and take the money that is there and buy yourself some nice clothes. The man told him he was wealthy and had no need of the money. Abu Hanifa said: Has it not reached you that the Prophet said: Allah likes to see the mark of His benevolence on His servant?"

Sahih Al-Bukhari, book of Salat that Hasan al-Basri.
On the authority of Bukhari ( ):
In the time of the Prophet ( ), because of scorching heat, People used to prostrate on their turban-cloth (`imama) and turban-cap (qalansuwa) with their hands in their sleeves, and that Anas Ibn Malik said: We used to pray with the Prophet and some of us used to place the ends of their clothes at the place of prostration because of scorching heat.

Tahawi in Sharh ma`ani al-athar (1:221), Tabarani, Bayhaqi in his Sunan al-kubra (2:236), and Haythami said in Majma` al-zawa'id (2:51): "Its chain is fair (hasan)." Albani included it in al-Silsila al-sahiha (#1369).
Bayhaqi also cited the hadith of al-`Abbas al-Duri from Sa`id ibn `Amir al-Dub`i from Sa`id ibn Abi `Azuba from Ayyub from Nafi` who said: Ibn `Umar saw me pray in a single garment and he said: Did I not give you clothes? I said yes. He continued: And if I sent you on an errand would you go out like this? I said no. He said: Then Allah is worthier of your self-adornment."

For further reading on the Sunnah and Adab of Dress:

1. Muwatta, Imam Malik: The Book of Good Behavior
2. Sahih al-Bukhari: The Book of Manners
3. Sahih Muslim: The Book of Dutifulness, Ties of Kinship, and Manners
4. Sunan Abi Dawud: The Book of Manners
5. Sunan at Tirmidhi: The Book of Manners, and The Book of Dutifulness and Ties of Kinship
6. Sunan Ibn Majah: Chapters on Manners
7. Fu'ad Ibn Abdul -Azeez Ash-Shulhoob: The Book of Manners, Chapter 15


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